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The Band: Genealogy03.25.03

Histories of projects directly related with current and former members of Foreigner, which include band data, pictures and albums.

King Crimson 196904.18.01
British progressive rock band formed in London in 1969, from the ashes of the trio Giles, Giles And Fripp, by guitarist Robert Fripp, multi-instrumentalist Ian McDonald, bassist and lead vocalist Greg Lake, drummer Michael Giles and lyricist, illuminator and sound manager Peter Sinfield. This era of the band produced one album, "In The Court Of The Crimson King (1969), and ended when McDonald and Giles left after their North American Tour of 1969 due to musical differences with Fripp.

Foreigner 1976-7904.18.01
British / North American hard rock band formed in New York in 1976 by guitarist Mick Jones, multi-instrumentalist Ian McDonald, drummer Dennis Elliott, all three British, keyboardist Al Greenwood, bassist Ed Gagliardi and lead vocalist Lou Gramm, all three North Americans. This era of the band produced two albums, "Foreigner" (1977) and "Double Vision" (1978), and ended when Gagliardi was fired in 1979.

Foreigner 1979-8004.18.01
British / North American hard rock band integrated by guitarist Mick Jones, multi-instrumentalist Ian McDonald, drummer Dennis Elliott, bassist Rick Wills, all four British, keyboardist Al Greenwood and lead vocalist Lou Gramm, both North Americans. This era of the band began when Wills took the vacant left by Gagliardi, and ended in 1980 when McDonald and Greenwood were forced to leave due to musical differences with Jones. "Head Games" (1979) was the only album released at the time.

Foreigner 1980-9006.13.01
British / North American hard rock band integrated by guitarist Mick Jones, drummer Dennis Elliott, bassist Rick Wills, all three British, and North American lead vocalist Lou Gramm. This era of the band began when McDonald and Greenwood "left" Foreigner in 1980, and ended in 1990 when Jones hired a new lead vocalist to replace Gramm. This period produced three studio albums: "4" (1981), "Agent Provocateur" (1984) and "Inside Information" (1987); and the compilation "Records" (1982).

Lou Gramm solo project 1986-8801.10.02
North American hard rock solo project integrated by lead vocalist Lou Gramm, bassist, guitarist and keyboardist Bruce Turgon, drummer Ben Gramm Jr., keyboardist Philip Ashley and guitarist Nils Lofgren as base band, along with some guest musicians. This line up released the album "Ready Or Not" in 1987, and a tour was launched later with unkown personnel. During this period Gramm was still working with Foreigner, at least until the release of the album "Inside Information" in 1987.

Lou Gramm solo project 1988-9001.10.02
North American hard rock solo project integrated by lead vocalist Lou Gramm, bassist and guitarist Bruce Turgon, drummer Ben Gramm Jr. and keyboardist Peter Wolf as base band, and Peter Maunu, Vivian Campbell, Dann Huff and Nils Lofgren as alternate guitarists, along with some guest musicians, as guitarist Don Mancuso. This line up released the album "Long Hard Look" in 1989, and a tour was launched later with unkown personnel. During this period Gramm was not involved with Foreigner, although he continued as an official member until 1990, when he forced Jones to hire a new lead vocalist for the band.

Foreigner 1990-9106.13.01
British / North American hard rock band integrated by guitarist Mick Jones, drummer Dennis Elliott, bassist Rick Wills, all three British, and North American lead vocalist Johnny Edwards. This period began in 1990  when Jones replaced Gramm with Edwards, produced the album "Unusual Heat" which was released the next year, and ended after the tour of the same name, when Elliott left.

Vivian Campbell solo project 199001.29.02
Irish hard rock solo project integrated by guitarist Vivian Campbell, guitarist and keyboardist P.J. Smith, both Irish, and North American drummer Mark Schulman among other musicians. The project was suspended when Campbell joined Shadow King.

Shadow King 1990-9201.29.02
North American / Irish hard rock band integrated by lead vocalist Lou Gramm, bassist, guitarist and keyboardist Bruce Turgon, drummer Kevin Valentine, all three North Americans, and Irish guitarist Vivian Campbell. Shadow King released a self-titled album in 1991, and played one concert on December 13th of the same year at the London Astoria Theatre, UK, but when the band was expecting to launch a tour in 1992, Gramm was contacted by Jones in order to reform Foreigner, so Shadow King was desintegrated.

Foreigner 1991-9206.13.01
British / North American hard rock trio integrated by guitarist Mick Jones, bassist Rick Wills, both British, and North American lead vocalist Johnny Edwards. After Elliott left, Foreigner started the creative process for a new album but it was interrupted when Jones desintegrate the band in order to create a duo along with former Foreigner lead vocalist Lou Gramm.

Vivian Campbell solo project 199201.29.02
Irish hard rock solo project integrated by Irish guitarist Vivian Campbell and probably part of the former Shadow King band, bassist Bruce Turgon and drummer Kevin Valentine, all three North Americans, among other musicians. The project was suspended when Campbell joined Def Leppard.

Foreigner 1992-9306.13.01
British / North American hard rock duo integrated by British guitarist Mick Jones and North American lead vocalist Lou Gramm. This era of the band began when the two original Foreigner members got back together to record three new tracks to "The Very Best And Beyond", released in 1992, and ended in 1993 when Jones and Gramm completed the reformation of the band with the inclusion of three new members.

Foreigner 1993-9507.10.01
North American / British hard rock band integrated by British guitarist Mick Jones, lead vocalist Lou Gramm, bassist Bruce Turgon, keyboardist Jeff Jacobs and drummer Mark Schulman, all four North Americans. This era of the band began when Jones and Gramm added the three new members to the line-up to complete the reformation of Foreigner, saw the release of the International and Japanese versions of the "Mr. Moonlight" album in 1994, and ended when Schulman left early in 1995 to become involved in other projects.

Foreigner 199507.10.01
North American / British hard rock band integrated by British guitarist Mick Jones, lead vocalist Lou Gramm, bassist Bruce Turgon and keyboardist Jeff Jacobs, all three North Americans. After Schulman left, the band released the North American version of the "Mr. Moonlight" album, and a new drummer was hired later.

Foreigner 1995-9807.10.01
North American / British hard rock band integrated by British guitarist Mick Jones, lead vocalist Lou Gramm, bassist Bruce Turgon, keyboardist Jeff Jacobs and drummer Ron Wikso, all four North Americans. This era of the band began when Ron Wikso is hired to take part of the world tour in support of the "Mr. Moonlight" album, and ended when Jones replaced Wikso with a new drummer.

Clock 199703.25.03
Irish / North American hard rock band, side project for everyone involved, integrated by guitarist Vivian Campbell and keyboardist P.J. Smith (both Irish), drummer Mark Schulman, bassist Mark Browne, and guitarist Manny Alvarez (all three North Americans). This era of the band ended when Browne and Alvarez left, although Alvarez had used to play with the band occasionally.

Clock 1997 - 03.25.03
Irish / North American / Russian hard rock band integrated by guitarist Vivian Campbell and guitarist / keyboardist P.J. Smith (both Irish), drummer Mark Schulman (North American), and bassist Sasha Krivtsov (Russian).

Foreigner 1998-0007.10.01
North American / British hard rock band integrated by British guitarist Mick Jones, lead vocalist Lou Gramm, bassist Bruce Turgon, keyboardist Jeff Jacobs and drummer Brian Tichy, all four North Americans. This era of the band began when Tichy is hired early in 1998 by Jones to replace Wikso, and ended when Tichy left to take part of the Ozzfest 2000 tour as part of the Ozzy Ozbourne band.

Foreigner 2000-0209.15.02
North American / British hard rock band integrated by British guitarist Mick Jones, lead vocalist Lou Gramm, bassist Bruce Turgon, keyboardist Jeff Jacobs and drummer Mark Schulman, all four North Americans. This period began when Tichy left the band in 2000 and Schulman is hired to perform the summer tour of the same year. Schulman repeated as the tour drummer during 2001, but engaged in other activities in 2002 prior to the Foreigner tour, so the band was forced to tour with a different drummer.

Foreigner 2002-09.15.02
North American / British hard rock band integrated by British guitarist Mick Jones, lead vocalist Lou Gramm, bassist Bruce Turgon, keyboardist Jeff Jacobs and drummer Denny Carmassi, all four North Americans. This period began when Carmassi is selected as the new tour drummer in April 2002. The band is currently on tour and preparing for the release of a new album in spring 2003.

21st Century Schizoid Band 2002-0302.27.03
British progressive rock band integrated by multi-instrumentalists Ian McDonald and Mel Collins, drummer Michael Giles, bass player Peter Giles, and guitarist Jakko M. Jakszyk. In 2002, this band toured England in August and September, and Japan in November. Michael Giles left in February 2003, but the release of a DVD, filmed at the band's second show in Tokyo where he performed, is expected for this year along with a CD version of the same show.

21st Century Schizoid Band 2003-02.27.03
British progressive rock band integrated by multi-instrumentalists Ian McDonald and Mel Collins, bass player Peter Giles, guitarist Jakko M. Jakszyk, and drummer Ian Wallace. Wallace joined the band to took the place of Michael Giles. This year the band will tour Russia, Italy and Greece, and its management is currently looking into more shows, including the United Kingdom, rest of Europe, United States and Japan. Also, they hope to release its first studio album in 2003.

The Band: Genealogy03.25.03
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